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Labelling and Traceability


Author: Nordic Counsil of Ministers

Date labelling has been part of a Nordic project on reducing food waste. The project was part of the Nordic Prime Ministers’ green growth initiative, contributing to circular economy work. Focus has been on how to improve the use and understanding of date labelling of foods in order to reduce food waste in the Nordic countries without challenging food safety. This publication is based on the project report Food waste and date labelling: Issues affecting the durability. Mappings undertaken has led to recommendations on restricted use of Use by- labelling, on harmonization for lower storage temperatures for perishable products, on oxygen free packaging for fresh meat  and on the need for guidance on date labels to reach out  better among stakeholders and consumers. A Nordic standpoint is that date labelling of eggs should be regulated like any other food.


Food waste and date labelling–2017


Author: EFSA

EFSA has set dietary reference values for vitamin K as part of its review of scientific advice on nutrient intakes.


The Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) decided to maintain the dietary reference values established by the Scientific Committee for Food in 1993. Consequently, the NDA Panel defined daily adequate intakes (AIs) for vitamin K as follows:


10 µg for infants aged 7-11 months.

12 µg for children aged 1-3 years.

20 µg for children aged 4-6.

30 µg for children aged 7-10.

45 µg for children aged 11-14.

65 µg for adolescents aged 15-17 and

70 µg for adults including for pregnant and lactating women.

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in blood coagulation and bone mineralisation. It naturally occurs in food as phylloquinone (vitamin K1) and menaquinones (vitamin K2). Low vitamin K intake is associated with a tendency to bleeding due to a low activity of blood coagulation factors. Food sources of vitamin K include dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach, lettuce, kale and Brussels sprouts.


EFSA considered comments and input on the draft scientific opinion it received during a six-week public consultation in early 2017.


Dietary Reference Values for vitamin K


Author: CE


This report responds to the obligation set for the Commission by Article 16(4) of Regulation (EU) No 1169/20111 on the provision of food information to consumers (the Regulation). This provision exempts alcoholic beverages containing more than 1,2 % by volume of alcohol from the mandatory list of ingredients and the nutrition declaration and states that the Commission shall produce a report addressing whether alcoholic beverages should in future be covered, in particular, by the requirement to provide the information on the energy value, and the reasons justifying possible exemptions, taking into account the need to ensure coherence with other relevant Union policies and considering in this context the need to propose a definition of 'alcopops'.

The Regulation establishes the basis for a high level of consumer protection in relation to food information, ensuring that consumers are not misled by food labels and can make informed choices. The list of ingredients and the nutrition declaration are among the key particulars that allow these informed choices.

While nutrition labelling can play a certain role in the promotion of a more moderate alcohol consumption, the issue of the labelling of the list of ingredients and the nutrition declaration for alcoholic beverages is examined in this report under the perspective of consumer information about the identity and the properties of a food.

This report builds on the positions on the labelling of alcoholic beverages which were expressed by the different interested parties before and after the adoption of the Regulation.


REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL regarding the mandatory labelling of the list of ingredients and the nutrition declaration of alcoholic beverages


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